UK Biometric Residence Permit
The Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) is a residence permit which reports a migrant’s biographic details and biometric information. It also shows your immigration status and entitlements of your stay in the UK.
You will receive a BRP only under specific circumstances. If you wish to learn more, you can get in touch with our team of professional immigration lawyers in London. You can call us on 020 4502 8582.
- Biometric Residence Permit overview
- Personal details on your BRP
- Why do you need your BRP
- Applying for a Biometric Residence Permit
- Having your biometric information collected
- How to collect your BRP
- Eligibility requirements
- Extension application
- Permitted activities
- Activities not permitted
- Frequently Asked Questions
What is a Biometric Residence Permit?
You will automatically get a UK Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) if you:
- Apply to stay in the UK for longer than 6 months
- Extend your current visa to longer than 6 months
- Apply to settle in the UK
- Transfer your existing visa to a new passport
- Apply for specific Home Office travel documents
Which details are reported on my BRP?
Your BRP includes:
- Your name, date and place of birth
- Your biometric information (your fingerprints and a photo of your face)
- Your immigration status with any conditions of your stay
- Additional information, such as whether you can access public funds benefits and health services
- Your National Insurance number (if applicable)
Why do I need a BRP?
You can use your Biometric Residence Permit to confirm:
- Your identity
- Your right to work or study in the UK
- Your right to access to public services and benefits
How do I apply for a Biometric Residence Permit?
It is not necessary to apply separately for a BRP.
You will automatically get one if your visa application is approved, or if you are replacing an older travel document.
How do I have my biometric information collected?
You will find your biometric information (your fingerprints and photo) on your BRP. If your application is successful, you will be told where to go to have your biometric data collected.
If you are applying from within the UK, you can go to one of the UK Visa and Citizenship Application Services (UKVCAS) service points, or to any Post Office branch. Applicants from outside the UK will be asked to go to a visa application centre.
How to collect my Biometric Residence Permit?
If you applied from within the UK, your BRP would be sent to you by courier within 7 to 10 days of getting your decision letter from the Home Office. If it does not arrive, you can report your missing BRP online.
If you applied from outside the UK, you must collect your BRP once you enter the country. You must do this before the vignette sticker in your travel document expires, or within 10 days of your arrival date in the UK. You can collect your BRP from either a Post Office branch or your sponsor, depending on what is written on your decision letter.
You must be over 18 to collect your BRP.
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If your Biometric Residence Permit is lost or stolen, you can apply for a replacement. However, this option is only available from inside the UK.
If you are currently abroad, you can get someone else to report for you, such as your legal representative or your sponsor.
You can report online if your BRP has not arrived if:
- You have applied from inside the UK
- You had received your decision letter from the Home Office more than 10 days ago
If your visa is about to expire, you can get a new BRP once you have applied for an extension.
If you have Indefinite Leave to Remain, you can use the BRP replacement service. However, if you are currently abroad, you will need to apply for a replacement BRP visa, which will let you re-enter the UK once only. It costs £154.
It costs £19.20 to give your biometric information if you are applying from within the UK. If you apply from abroad, the cost will be included in your application fee.
Children do not need to give their signature, nor their fingerprints if they are under 5. All children under the age of 16 must be accompanied by a parent, guardian or an adult who has legal responsibility for them.
If you are not British and you cannot use or get a passport from your country of origin, you can apply for a document to travel outside the UK. To be eligible, you must be living in the UK as a settled person, refugee, or have discretionary leave for a limited time after a failed asylum application.
You may need to transfer or replace your visa if your passport has expired or your name or personal details have changed.
If your passport is expired, you can still use the valid visa when you are travelling to and from the UK. If your personal details have changed, you must replace your visa with a biometric residence permit (only if your authorised stay in the UK is longer than 6 months).
You only need to apply for a National Insurance (NI) number if:
- There is not one already printed on your BRP
- You do not already have one
- You wish to work, claim benefits, apply for a student loan or pay Class 3 voluntary National Insurance contributions.
To collect a child’s BRP, you must be nominated to do so, even if you are the parent or legal guardian. However, you do not need to be appointed if you are also collecting your own BRP, or if you are named on your child’s vignette sticker.
You can get fined up to £1,000 if you fail to collect your BRP. If you are unable to do it, you can nominate someone else. This person must have one of the following:
- A valid passport
- An EU national identity card
- A Biometric Residence Permit
If you have any problems collecting your BPR, you must tell the Home Office as soon as possible.