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Beyond Brexit: Taking Back Control of Borders and the Remote Work Phenomenon

Ono Okerega investigates the negative consequences of Brexit for the UK economy and the rise of Digital Nomads in a world which is now digitally connected.

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    The impact of Brexit

    On 31 December 2020, the Brexit transition period officially ended and the UK left the EU. The UK Government immediately announced that it had taken ‘back control of their money, their borders, their laws, and their waters.’ The Vote Leave campaign, launched together with the 2016 referendum, suggested that immigration into the United Kingdom was out of control and declared that ‘the only way to take back control of immigration [was] to Vote Leave.’

    But, as this article pinpoints, in a world which is now digitally connected, a growing number of people wish to work remotely. The idea of ‘global citizens’ will inevitably lead to national borders losing their importance or even becoming irrelevant in the near future. Calls to ‘control those borders’ might sound out of date, if not meaningless.

    Brexit will indeed have significant long-term, negative consequences for the UK economy, its relationship with its closest neighbours, and security and diplomatic standing in the world. Many British nationals are questioning the UK Government’s announcement that it has managed to take back control of the country’s borders by leaving the EU, with the British government’s confident statement that the UK will ‘prosper mightily.’



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    Digital nomads and remote working

    Before the Covid-19 pandemic hit, the digital nomads movement was steadily rising in popularity. Digital nomads are defined as working individuals who utilise technology to earn a living all while working from remote locations. This gives digital nomads the freedom to work from anywhere, popular branding suggests their average work day could be conducted from a hammock in the Bahamas, if they choose to. The aim is to allow people to do their work at home or otherwise through the Internet. This implies the introduction and adoption of worldwide technological advancements, with a focus on online collaboration and communication platforms. This has made this trend possible and is playing a crucial role in its further development.

    Before the pandemic, an increasing number of people were already working remotely at least on a part-time basis. A pre-pandemic survey of over 3,500 remote workers from around the world also showed that 98 percent of remote workers wanted to continue to work remotely. (Source: Buffer survey published in February 2020 with data collected in November 2019).

    The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on remote working

    The pandemic left many professionals with no choice but to work from home, accelerating the trend of remote or hybrid working patterns. Millions of people moved from a largely office-based job to home-based work. With the aid of video-calling services, such as MS Teams and Zoom, they are still able to communicate with colleagues and clients without leaving their homes. More importantly, leading companies, such as Facebook, Google and Amazon, have announced that their employees may have the option of working from home for the foreseeable future, if they wish to.

    The remote work trend has also made more people realise that they do not have to work for an organisation in the place or country where they reside normally. This separation between where we decide to live and where we decide to work widens our job opportunities and prospects significantly.

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    Benefits for companies

    The remote working approach also has significant benefits for companies. First, it allows companies of all sizes to recruit from a wider and diverse pool of talent. Second, having a remote workforce, means that companies can save on office space and other costs, such as relocation and costs associated with temporary housing for international recruits.

    As a result of the EU’s free movement rules, immigration paperwork is not required if the individual has EU citizenship and wants to live and work from anywhere in the EU.

    Brexit and taking back control of borders: A victory?

    As a result of Brexit, free movement of persons between the EU and the UK ended on 31 December 2020. British citizens who had moved to the EU are now required to apply for settled status if they want to stay.

    Brexit therefore results in more limitations for British citizens who want to live in the EU – for a while or permanently – while continuing to work for a company in the UK. At the same time, the remaining 27 EU Member States are continuing to allow their citizens the flexibility to study, live, and work and across the continent. EU citizens can decide freely to work in one Member State while living in another with no requirement to complete any paperwork. The opportunities are endless, but not for UK citizens.

    Brexit also will continue to have significant negative consequences for the UK’s economy. While the UK has given priority to so-called ‘control over national borders’ over free movement in a world that moves to location-independent working, this has made the life of many British citizens a nightmare.

    Ono Okeregha

    January 2021

    Director of Global Immigration Lawyers

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